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Learning the Language

Page history last edited by Jayson Yeagley 12 years, 4 months ago


Types of Shots

Long shot    A shot taken from a sufficient distance to show a landscape, a building, or a large crowd.

Medium shot    A shot between a long shot and a close-up that might show two people in full figure or several people from the waist up.

Close-up    A shot of one face or object that fills the screen completely.

Extreme close-up    A shot of a small object or part of a face that fills the screen.

Camera Angles

High angle    The camera looks down at what is being photographed.

Eye level    A shot that approximates human vision; a camera presents an object so that the line between camera and object is parallel to the ground.

Low angle    The camera looks up at what is being photographed.

Camera Movement

Pan    The camera moves horizontally on a fixed base.

Tilt    The camera points up or down from a fixed base.

Boom    The camera moves up or down through space.

(dolly shot)
   The camera moves through space on a wheeled truck (or dolly), but stays on the same plane.

Zoom    Not a camera movement but a shift in the focal length of the camera lens to give the impression that the camera is getting closer to or farther from an object.


Cut    The most common type of transition in which one scene ends and a new one immediately begins.

Fade-out / Fade-in    One scene gradually goes dark and the new one gradually emerges from the darkness.

Dissolve    A gradual transition, in which the end of one scene is superimposed over the beginning of a new one.

Wipe    An optical effect in which one shot appears to "wipe" the preceding one from the screen.


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