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More Sentence Patterns and Types

Page history last edited by Jayson Yeagley 12 years, 2 months ago

Sentence Types

1.     Declarative – makes a statement.

The king is sick.


2.     Imperative – gives a command.

Cure the king!


3.     Interrogative – asks a question.

Is the king sick?


4.     Exclamatory – provides emphasis or expresses STRONG emotion.

The king is dead! Long live the king!



Sentence Patterns

1.     Simple – one independent clause

The singer bowed to her adoring audience.


2.     Compound – contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction or by a semicolon.

The singer bowed to the audience, but she sang no encores.


3.     Complex – an independent clause and one or more subordinate clause.

Because the singer was tired, she went straight to bed after the concert.


4.     Compound-complex – contains two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.

The singer bowed while the audience applauded, but she sand no encores.


5.     Loose or Cumulative – makes complete sense if brought to a close before the actual ending. The modifying phrase in the sentence could be eliminated while maintaining the meaning of the sentence.

We reached Edmonton that morning after a turbulent flight and some exciting experiences, tired but exhilarated, full of stories to tell our friends and neighbors.


6.     Periodic – makes sense fully only when the end of the sentence is reached.

That morning, after a turbulent flight and some exciting experience, we reached Edmonton.




More Sentence Patterns

9.     Inverse order (sentence inversion) – predicate comes before the subject. Typically used for emphasis or rhythmic effect.

In California grow the oranges.


10.  Juxtaposition – poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to each other, often creating an effect of surprise and wit.

“The apparition of these faces in the crowd:

Petals on wet, black bough.” (In Station of the Metro by Ezra Pound)


11.  Parallel Structure – grammatical or structural similarity between sentences or parts of a sentence. It involves the arrangement of words, phrases, sentences, and paragraphs so that elements of equal importance are equally developed and similarly phrased.

He loves swimming, running, and playing tennis.


12.  Repetition – a device in which words, sounds, phrases, and ideas are used more than once to enhance the rhythm and to create emphasis.

“…government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” (“Address at Gettysburg” by Abraham Lincoln)


13.  Rhetorical Question – a question that requires no answer. Used to draw attention to a point and is generally stronger than a direct statement.

If Mr. Ferchoff is always fair, as you have said, why did he refuse to listen to Mrs. Baldwin’s arguments?


14.  Rhetorical Fragment – a fragment used deliberately for a persuasive purpose or to create a desired effect.

Something to consider.




Comments (2)

Jayson Yeagley said

at 10:16 am on Sep 28, 2011

1-->"The man down the road is evil" (Jones 23)
2-->"The man is so evil that he makes me cry, yet I think he is cool" (Jones 23)
3-->"Although he is hungry, John ran to the wood" (Jones 23)

Jayson Yeagley said

at 12:56 pm on Oct 5, 2011

Through hard work and dedication, my American dream is to get my PHD, have a healthy happy family, and travel.

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